There are many different types of contraception available and you should talk to a doctor or nurse about the best choice for you.

Contraception is used to prevent pregnancy.


Some contraceptive methods use hormones to change fertility by blocking sperm, stopping the release of the egg and changing the lining of the womb. Other methods (such as condoms) act as a barrier and rely on stopping sperm from reaching the egg. Some people use methods that depend on being aware of the fertile times of the menstrual cycle, and choosing  not to have sex during those times.


Long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) are the most effective reversible methods. These ‘fit and forget’ methods include intra-uterine devices (IUDs) and contraceptive implants (e.g. Implanon).


The effectiveness of contraceptive methods is summarised in Efficacy of contraception methods.

It is important to know that only condoms reduce the risk of STIs.


A summary of contraceptive methods is available in the Choices in contraception Fact Sheet.


For detailed information on specific contraceptive methods click on the following links: